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Dictionary of Spiritual Terms – P

spiritual dictionary Dictionary of Spiritual Terms - P Dictionary of Spiritual Terms - P pic1Pagan: A pagan is someone who adheres to a belief system outside of that which is considered orthodox. Orthodox belief systems are that of Judaism, Islam, or Christianity. The beliefs shared by Pagans are wide spread and difficult to categorise they often relate to nature and mother earth. The religion of Wicca falls under the category of a pagan religion. wicca

The word Pagan is often used as a derogatory term to describe someone who does not follow the current religious systems of the western world and implies that they are primitive and uneducated. The word is actually derived from the latin ‘paganus’ which means country dweller.

Pantheism: A system of belief or speculation that identifies the universe with God (pan=all; theos=God). Some pantheists view God as primary and the universe as a finite and temporal emanation from God; others see nature as the great, inclusive unity. Hinduism is a form of religious pantheism.

Papa: Sin.

Paradox: A situation where two facts/situations are opposite or contradictory, yet both appear to be (and sometimes are) true. A ‘paradoxical tension’ is when the two contradictory truths hold each other accountable; in a sense, each keeps the other true.

Paranormal: para – (beyond) + normal (that which is normative or that which follows the general rule). That which doesn’t happen within the normal limits of material living or which can’t be explained by the laws of nature or physics. A catch-all category of popular thought, designed to mix together all that is weird, whether fairly or unfairly, related or unrelated. more…

Past Life Regression: A technique used by hypnotists to lead a person in a trance which allows them to supposedly recall events from previous lives, when their soul was in a different physical body at another time period and place.

Patanjalia: Author of the yoga sutras.

Pendulum: A tool often used to communicate with spirits or divine.

Pentagram: A five-pointed star drawn with a single line.

Upright, it resembles a human figure, with spirit taking the highest importance. Inverted (upside-down) it is often considered a Satanic symbol. This is not always true, though. In Wicca an inverted pentagram is a sign used by a second degree initiate to symbolise their progress and the facing of the “dark” side of life. When inverted, it represents the elements taking precedence over spirit. Read more about the pentagram

Polytheism: A belief in a plurality of gods, not necessarily equal in importance, each of which is distinguished by a special function. The Indian Vedas, for example, feature Agni the fire god, Vayu the wind god, and Indra the storm god.

Pooma sanyas: 3rd stage of initiation into sanyas.

Prakriti: Nature force,cosmic energy/ manifest unmanifest nature.

Prana: The yogic concept of a cosmic energy or life force, similar to the Chinese idea of chi, that enters the body with the breath. Prana is thought to flow through the body, bringing health and vitality. It is considered the vital link between the spiritual self and the material self.

Precognition: (Seeing the future) is commonly experienced by clairvoyants and empaths. This is generally a random power, in that a premonition can happen suddenly and even in dreams. In dreams, the outcome is similar to that of a vision and can not always be distinguished as such.

Prophet: Someone who receives inspiration, information, or insights into the future from a divine source.

Psychic: As a noun : a medium or channeler, one through whom the departed or the other inhabitants of the spirit world speak through.

It can also refer to paranormal matters of the mind which are described as ‘psychic’ phenomena.

Psychic Abilities: Perceiving, receiving, or transfering information without the use of the 5 common senses (sight, touch, hearing, taste, smell).

Psychokinesis: Mind over matter. The alteration of the state of an object by mental influence alone. This is similar to telekinesis but is less direct. It is the chanelling of energy to ‘make things happen’ or as the dictionary says – ‘set objects in motion’. This usually happens with visualisation in an altered state like meditation.

An example of this would be that you want to knock an object over, nothing happens untill several minutes later your dog does it for you.

Psychology: As a science, psychology is the study of human and animal behavior and mental processes. Philosophically, psychology is the division of metaphysics that explores the soul and the mind. According to the American Psychological Association, at the present time there are fifty two sub-fields under the umbrella of psychology.

History – Two major figures contributing to the development of psychology were none other than Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung.

Freud pioneered psychoanalysis and psychotherapy at the turn of the 20th century. By observing his patients, he developed his controversial theory of childhood sexuality. Freud was responsible for developing the practice of free association and terms such as defense mechanisms, libido, id, ego, superego are attributed to him. He also recognized the importance of dreams.

Jung was a great mind and mystic. He was once a close colleague of Freud’s until a falling out do to a difference in opinion. Jung believed that along with Freud’s “personal unconscious”, there existed the “collective unconscious” that was shared by all humans. Rather than the complexes of the personal, the collective is characterized by “archetypes” or “instinctual patterns of behavior and perception” which can be traced in dream and myths. Together, all the archetypes of a person is called the “self”. Rather than the sexual theories presented by Freud, Jung believed that the unconscious was driven to wholeness, balance and the attainment of the self through what he called the “process of individuation” – a sort of metamorphosis of the soul. He developed the theory of the ego comprised of the persona and the shadow.

Psychometry: This is the power to know the condition and/or background of an object, place, or person. This is often done through touch.

Different methods of this are –

Aura Sight: seeing the energy around the object/person.

Empathy: the emotional impression of another (The empath does not share the sensation, but literally feels it)

Purna: Purna is a Hindu term which means perfect. It means perfection in relation to mastering the negative aspects of your ego. It can also mean completeness or wholeness and is usually used in the context of the whole of creation.